breathes life into lifeless man solely on the basis of that
which Christ has done on mans behalf. And unsaved man can do
no more than receive that which has already been done for him. Nothing
else enters into the matter.
referred to His finished work immediately before His death on
the Cross, He cried out one word in a loud voice
Tetelestai which has been translated in the English text,
It is finished (John
Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46).
Tetelestai is the perfect tense form of the Greek verb,
teleo, which means to bring something to an end
or completion. This word in the perfect tense could be more
accurately expressed and translated, It has been finished, or
It has been completed.
That to which
Christ referred in John 19:30
was His work of redemption. The perfect tense that He used
refers to a work completed in past time with the results of that
work extending into and existing during present time in a
finished state. At the moment Christ cried out, announcing that
His work had been completed, there was then no reason for His
death to be prolonged. The blood of the Passover Lamb had been
shed, and God had laid on
Him the iniquity of us all (Isaiah
53:5, 6, 12;
cf. 2 Corinthians 5:21). Thus, at this
point, He bowed His head,
and gave up the spirit [lit., comparing the other
gospel accounts, He breathed out, i.e., He expired,
willingly giving up His life] (John
has been saved by grace through faith solely on the basis of
that which Christ referred to when He cried out from the Cross,
Tetelestai. The words are
you saved [lit. you have been saved] in
Ephesians 2:8 are
also the translation of a perfect tense in the Greek text. The
reference, as tetelestai, is to a work completed
in past time with the results of this work extending into the
present and existing in a finished state.
At the moment
a person believes on the Lord Jesus Christ (places his trust,
reliance in Christ, i.e., receives, by faith, that which
Christ has done on his behalf), the Spirit not only breathes
life into that person but the Spirit also takes up His
abode in the individual (cf.
2:7; Ezekiel 37:1; 1 Corinthians 6:19).
Through this means, the man passing from
death to life becomes a
new creation in Christ, a part of
the one new man
(2 Corinthians 5:17;
Ephesians 2:1, 15).