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From Egypt to Canaan

By Arlen L. Chitwood


Chapter Five


The Sabbath Rest


For He has spoken in a certain place of the seventh day in this way: “And God rested on the seventh day from all His works”;


and again in this place: They shall not enter My rest.”


Since therefore it remains that some must enter it, and those to whom it was first preached did not enter because of disobedience [born of willful unbelief],


again He designates a certain day, saying in David, “Today, after such a long time, as it has been said: “Today, if you will hear His voice, do not harden your hearts.”


For if Joshua had given them rest, then He would not afterward have spoken of another day.


There remains therefore a rest for the people of God.


For he who has entered His rest has himself also ceased from his works as God did from His.


Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience [born of willful unbelief]. (Hebrews 4:4-11


Entrance into the land covenanted to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and occupying their God-ordained position in that land was spoken of in the Old Testament as a “rest” lying before the Israelites (Joshua 1:13; cf. Deuteronomy 12:9; 25:19; Joshua 21:43-45).


The same thing was in view in the seventh and last of the festivals of the Lord in Leviticus chapter twenty-three, the feast of tabernacles (vv. 33-43).  These seven festivals comprise the prophetic calendar of Israel, and the seventh and last festival sets forth a time of rest that will follow the fulfillment of the preceding six festivals, depicting the same rest set forth in Joshua 1:13, foreshadowing that rest presently awaiting Israel during the Messianic Era.


Hebrews chapter four deals with this rest in a type-antitype relationship — the Israelites under Moses and Joshua (vv. 6, 8), and Christians under Christ (vv. 1, 11).  And reference is made to the seventh day in which God rested after He had completed His work of restoring the ruined material creation during the preceding six days and bringing man into existence following the completion of His restorative work on the sixth day (v. 4; cf. Genesis 1:24-2:3).


Hebrews chapter four deals with this rest within the scope of the septenary arrangement of Scripture, drawing from basic types in Genesis, Numbers, and Joshua.  The matter, within the septenary arrangement of Scripture, has its basis in chapters one and two of Genesis and is projected out into the seventh day — a “rest [Greek: Sabbatismos, a ‘Sabbath rest’]” awaiting “the people of God” (vv. 4, 9).  And the Spirit of God, projecting the matter out into the seventh day, the seventh millennium, then sounds an exhortation and warning to Christians:


Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall according to the same example of disobedience [born of willful unbelief]. (v. 11; cf. v. 1)


God’s Rest from All His Works


Scripture begins with a simple statement concerning the creation of the heavens and the earth:


In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)


This verse is comprised of ten words in the English text but only seven in the original Hebrew, from which the English rendering was translated.  “Seven” is Gods number, showing the completion of that which is in view.  In seven words, twenty-eight letters (four sevens [“four” is the number of creation]), the Spirit of God provides a complete statement revealing a completed divine work — the creation of the heavens and the earth.


Then the following verse, Genesis 1:2, reveals a ruin of the creation and the beginning of God’s restoration of the ruined creation.  The creation itself in verse one and the subsequent ruin revealed in the first part of verse two occurred at unrevealed times in the past, occurring, in both instances, over 6,000 years ago.


The restoration of the ruined creation though occurred at the very beginning of the 6,000 years allotted to man, comprising Man’s Day.  In that respect, the restoration of the ruined creation would be the beginning point of the seven days — the seven thousand years — the septenary structure around which Scripture is built.  This would be the beginning point in the septenary arrangement of Scripture, extending from the restoration of the earth and the creation of man to the end of the Messianic Kingdom.


(This complete, overall subject is extensively dealt with in the next chapter of this book, Chapter 6, “The Septenary Arrangement of Scripture.”)


The earth was originally created as one of evidently innumerable provinces in God’s kingdom (cf. Job 1:6; 2:1; Isaiah 14:13).  Satan, prior to his fallen state (along with numerous angels holding different positions under him), was appointed the Messianic (ruling) angel over the newly created earth (Ezekiel 28:14).


Exactly how long Satan held this position until, as Scripture declares, “iniquity was found” in him (Ezekiel 28:15), is unrevealed.  And exactly how long his kingdom lay in ruins (Genesis 1:2a; Isaiah 14:16, 17; Jeremiah 4:23-28), resulting from “iniquity” being found in him, is also unrevealed.  Time in Scripture begins with the restoration of the ruined creation.  That which precedes the restoration occurred during unrevealed time in eternity past.


(Scripture actually has very little to say about that which occurred prior to the beginning of the earth’s restoration from its ruined state [eternity past], as it also has very little to say about that which will occur beyond the end of the Messianic Kingdom [eternity future].


The focus of Scripture is on the seven thousand years lying between events surrounding the restoration of the heavens and the earth and the creation of man on the one hand and the destruction of the same heavens and earth [with a view to a new heavens and earth] at the end of the Messianic Kingdom on the other.


Scripture provides only a glimpse into events outside the scope of the seven thousand years, revealing only essential information for man to possess, allowing him to place events occurring during the seven thousand years in their proper perspective.)


Satan, as provincial ruler over one province in God’s kingdom, became dissatisfied with his position and sought to occupy a higher position, actually the highest of all positions.  Rather than being content to rule under God over one province, Satan sought to be “like the Most High” and rule over all the provinces in the universe (Isaiah 14:13, 14).  He sought to occupy the place that God occupied, becoming the Supreme Ruler over all things.


Satan though failed in his attempt; and, as a result, his kingdom was reduced to a ruin, as seen in Genesis 1:2a:


And the earth was [‘became’] without form, and void; and darkness was [‘became’ (word not in Hebrew text, though implied from the first verb)] upon the face of the deep [‘raging waters’]


The earth was reduced to a ruined state, with the light of the sun darkened (cf. Jeremiah 4:23, 28).  Thus, Satan’s sin must have affected the entire solar system with its sun and nine revolving planets.


However, though Satan had disqualified himself as the earth’s ruler and his kingdom had been reduced to a ruined state — submerged in total darkness — he continued to reign.  A principle of biblical government necessitates that an incumbent ruler hold his position until he is actually replaced (cf. 1 Samuel 15:26; 2 Samuel 1:10).


Then, in Genesis 1:2b-31, we read about the beginning of God’s intervention in matters surrounding His original intent for the earth.


And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.


Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light. . . . (Genesis 1:2b, 3ff)


According to Isaiah 45:18, God had not created the earth to lie in the ruined state in which it lay following Satan’s sin:


. . . He created it [the earth] not in vain [i.e., not ‘without form’ (the same word, tohu, appears in the Hebrew text of Genesis 1:2a, translated ‘without form’)], He formed it [the earth] to be inhabited . . . . (KJV)


But, even though God set about to place the material creation back into a condition wherein its original purpose could be realized, He could not allow Satan to continue as the provincial ruler over this one province in His kingdom.  Thus, immediately following the restoration of the earth with its plant and animal life, God created man.  And the stated reason is clearly given:


Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion [Hebrews, radah, ‘rule’ (same word translated ‘rule’ in Psalm 110:2)] . . . . (Genesis 1:26)


This is the dominion that Satan possessed.  Thus, man was brought into existence to rule the restored earth in the stead of Satan.


Man though didn’t receive the scepter immediately following his creation.  In fact, man never held the scepter, else he, rather than Satan, would still hold it today (had man held the scepter, it could not have reverted back to Satan’s possession at the time of man’s fall — note the principle of biblical government concerning incumbent rulers).


Rather, immediately following his creation, apart from the scepter being taken from Satan and given to man at this time, man was told,


Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion [Hebrews, radah, ‘rule’] . . . . (Genesis 1:28)


Man would eventually hold the scepter.  But, before man could act in the capacity for which he had been created, Satan, through Eve, brought about his fall (Genesis 3:1-7).  Satan knew why man had been created; and he knew, from experience, that if he could bring about man’s fall, man would no longer be qualified to take the scepter.  Man would be in a fallen state, as Satan, allowing Satan to continue holding the scepter.


When man sinned, the earth once again became in a ruined state.  However, this time the ruin was of such a nature that it allowed man to continue living on the earth in his fallen state, for God’s purpose surrounding His bringing man into existence must ultimately be realized (Romans 11:29).


Thus, though the entire material creation has been brought under a curse because of man’s fall (Genesis 3:17-19), the curse will one day be lifted (Acts 3:21; Romans 8:18-23).  Redemption has been provided, and redeemed man will one day be brought back into the position where he can hold the scepter; and he will hold this scepter on a restored earth.


In the interim though, Satan, because of a divine regal appointment at a time preceding man, continues to reign.


In accord with the original pattern set forth in Genesis chapters one and two, God is going to work six more days to restore both the material creation and man.  God’s original intent for restoring the earth and bringing man into existence must be realized.

A qualified provincial ruler (rather than a disqualified provincial ruler) must ultimately hold the scepter and rule over this one province in Gods kingdom.


Then, also in accord with the original pattern, God is going to rest the seventh day from all His work — the time during which man will hold the scepterOne of God’s attributes is His immutability.  He does not change (Malachi 3:6).  Consequently, once God has established a pattern revealing His work in a particular realm, no change can ever occur, for the pattern is set perfectly in the beginning.  And with this in mind, when we read in the opening verses of Genesis about the way God restored a ruined creation in the beginning, we can only expect any subsequent ruined creation to be restored after exactly the same fashion.  This is why we find God taking six more days to restore the present ruined creation and ruined man, with a view to a seventh day of rest following the six days of work.


And Peter, in his second epistle — an epistle built around a septenary structure (cf. 2 Peter 1:15-18; 3:3-8) — was very careful to tell those to whom he was writing that the six and seven days in the latter restoration and rest are not days of twenty-four hours each but days of 1,000 years each:


But, beloved, do not forget this one thing [lit., ‘stop allowing this one thing to escape your notice’], that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. (2 Peter 3:8)


The Rest Set Before Israel


The rest set before Israel was to be realized following the Israelites’ conquest of Canaan and the nation being established in that land “above all people [above all the Gentile nations],” as “a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation” (Exodus 19:5, 6; cf. Joshua 1:1-13).


Israel, occupying this position, was to be at rest; and the nations, likewise, in subjection to and being blessed through Israel, were to be at rest as well.


From a naturalistic viewpoint, somewhat of a mystery within the eternal plans and purposes of God enters at this point in Scripture.  The removal of Israel from Egypt to realize what could only be a seventh-day rest within the septenary arrangement of Scripture (Hebrews 4:4-9) was extended to Israel after only two and one-half days (two and one-half millennia) of the necessary six days (six millennia) had elapsed.  That is, the rest set before Israel under Moses (and later under Joshua) was extended to the nation about 2,500 years beyond the creation of Adam, only 2,500 years into the 6,000 years that must come to pass (years that God must use to restore the ruined creation, in accord with the original pattern) before God could rest from His work.


Aside from the preceding, the Sabbath was given to Israel shortly after the nation came out of Egypt, forming a sign of a “perpetual [an ‘everlasting’] covenant.”  The Israelites, by keeping the Sabbath week after week, following six days of work, were to be continually reminded of a future rest awaiting the people of God.


The past rest, following six days of work, foreshadowed a future rest, which, as well, would follow six days of work.  Every time that the Israelites kept the Sabbath, following six days of work, they were acknowledging that which God was about to do, following a corresponding six days of work.


The Sabbath was a “sign,” and a sign portends something beyond itself.  According to Exodus 31:13-17, the Israelites were to look back to the Sabbath in Genesis 2:2, 3 (preceded by six days of work) and know that the Sabbath that they were to keep week after week (following six days of work) foreshadowed a future day of rest (following six present days of work).


The Sabbath was to be kept by Israel “throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant”; and the Sabbath constituted a “sign” that reflected back on chapters one and two of Genesis but looked to a day beyond the weekly Sabbath itself.


This is the primary reason God was so particular about Israel observing the Sabbath.  The Sabbath pointed to something beyond itself, with the basis for that to which it pointed established after an unchangeable fashion in history.  And at the time God gave the Sabbath to Israel, He thought enough of seeing His plans and purposes pertaining to the material creation and to man one day coming to pass — plans and purposes that will be realized on the seventh day, the coming Sabbath of rest (after six days of work, after 6,000 years of work) — that He set the penalty for any Israelite’s failure to keep the Sabbath as “death” (Exodus 31:14, 15).


However, seemingly, under Moses (and later Joshua), God was moving Israel toward a goal that, according to the “sign” of the Sabbath given to Israel during this same time, could not be realized for another three and one-half millennia.  Thus, how could God remove Israel from Egypt to fulfill a purpose, which, according to the very “sign” of the Sabbath, could not be fulfilled at this time?


A somewhat similar set of circumstances can be seen at Christ’s first coming almost 1,500 years later.  Christ offered to Israel the kingdom of the heavens, with the thought in mind that, contingent on Israel’s acceptance of the King and the Kingdom, the Messianic Era would be ushered in at that time (cf. Matthew 23:37; Acts 2:15-21, 37, 38; 3:19-21; 7:54-56).


The questions are: (1) How could God deliver His people from Egypt to occupy a position in the land of Canaan which, according to the septenary arrangement of Scripture, it was not possible for them to occupy for another 3,500 years?  or, (2) How could Christ make a bona fide offer of the kingdom to Israel at His first coming that, again, according to the septenary arrangement of Scripture, could not have been established at that time?  The offer was extended at a time 2,000 years prior to the 1,000-year Sabbath of rest.


And to further complicate the matter, note the severity of God’s punishment for Israel’s actions in each instance.  An entire unbelieving generation was overthrown during Moses’ day because of Israel’s refusal to enter the land at Kadesh-Barnea, and the house of Israel was left desolate (a desolation that would last 2,000 years and reach its peak at the end of this time) because of Israel’s rejection of the King and Kingdom at Messiah’s first coming.


Why such dire consequences for Israel’s actions in each instance if we are dealing with things that the nation couldn’t actually enter into and fulfill at either time?


Then there’s the matter of the Old Testament types dealing with the Church to add a further complication.  These types must be fulfilled, which means Israel could not have received the King and the proffered Kingdom at Christ’s first coming.  For, had Israel received the King and the Kingdom, there would have been no need for God to call the Church into existence (the Church was called into existence to be the recipient of that which Israel had rejected, and had Israel not rejected the kingdom of the heavens . . .).


Any biblical response to the preceding questions or thoughts can really only be looked upon after one fashion.  In Isaiah 55:8, 9 God states,


For My thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways, says the LORD.


For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways, and My thoughts than your thoughts.


Man looks upon matters from a finite perspective, seeing only the past and present.  God though looks upon the same matters from an infinite perspective, seeing not only the past and present but also the future.  Resultantly, God’s thoughts about matters and His ways of doing things, emanating from the infinite, are not the same as finite man’s thoughts and ways at all.


Thus, for the creature to question why the Creator has carried or presently carries out His plans and purposes after a certain fashion is completely invalid.  Such should never happen.  We’re told how God has carried out His plans and purposes in the past, we’re told how He is presently carrying out these same plans and purposes, and we’re told what will occur in the future (after six days, after six millennia) surrounding His plans and purposes being brought to fruition.


And, from beginning to end, this is not only the sole Word on the matter but it is also the final Word.


The wisdom of this world [man’s wisdom]” is foolishness with God, and “the thoughts of the wise [man’s thoughts]” are vain (1 Corinthians 3:19, 20).  It is all finite and not in accord with Isaiah 55:8, 9 at all. 


That’s why we are called upon to simply believe the record that God has given.  Though there are many things that we cannot understand, we can know that the record was given by One with infinite wisdom and understanding and will always be in perfect accord with that which He has revealed in Isaiah 55:8, 9.


This is why Paul told Timothy, “Preach the Word . . . .” (2 Timothy 4:2).  What man has to say or what he thinks about matters is of no moment whatsoever.  In God’s eyes it is no more than foolishness; it is no more than vanity.  But what God’s Word has to say about matters is of infinite, supreme moment.  The whole of the matter is that plain and simple.


The Rest Awaiting the People of God


A Sabbath rest is coming for the people of God.  This is plainly taught in numerous portions of Scripture.  And this rest awaits Israel as well as the Church. 


Israel in that day will be placed back in the land covenanted to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, on the earth; and the Church in that day will be placed in that promised heavenly land, above the earth.  And there will be a dual reign by Israel’s Messiah from both David’s throne on earth and His Own throne in the heavens above the earth.


Israel, with the nation’s Messiah dwelling on David’s throne in the midst of the Jewish people, will hold the scepter on earth.  Israel, placed under the new covenant, will be “a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation” (Exodus 19:6), at long last realizing the reason why the nation was called out of Egypt under Moses almost 3,500 years ago.


And the Church, seated on the throne as consort queen with Christ in the heavens, will likewise hold the scepter.  The new creationin Christ” — the one new man — will rule from the heavens over the earth as “kings and priests,” “a holy nation” (1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 5:10).  The Church will, in that day, realize the reason God called this new entity into existence almost 2,000 years ago.


In that coming day, following the adoption of Christians (which has to do with the placing of “sons” [Christians] in a firstborn status [Romans 8:14-23]) and the restoration of Israel (presently God’s firstborn son [Exodus 4:22, 23; Romans 11:25, 26]), God will have three firstborn SonsJesus, Israel, and the Church — to exercise rule over the earth (Exodus 4:22; Hebrews 1:6; 12:23; cf. Hebrews 2:10, 11).  And in that day, during the seventh millennium, man, along with the material creation, will enter into the long-awaited Sabbath of rest.


1)  Israel Today and in That Day


There is a type of unrest in the world today unlike anything man has ever previously seen.  And this unrest, from a biblical perspective, can be directly attributed to only one thing:  Israels presence in the land (the land covenanted to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob), before the time, out of Gods will.  And the working of Satan as he directs his attack against Israel fits into the matter after a particular fashion because of the present position that Israel occupies in relation to the Gentile nations.


Satan, because he knows Israel’s identity — Gods firstborn son, the nation in possession of the rights of primogeniture — has directed his attack against Israel since the time of the nation’s inception in Egypt.  Satan, at all costs, since the days of the Assyrian Pharaoh in Egypt, has unceasingly sought to destroy this nation.  And his most intense and final blow against Israel will occur yet future during the days of another Middle East ruler — Antichrist, who will also be an “Assyrian.”


Thus, Satan’s attack against Israel really remains unchanged whether Israel is in or out of the land (e.g., note conditions during the days of the Third Reich [immediately prior to the existence of an established Jewish nation in the Middle East], present conditions [during the time when a recognized Jewish nation exists], and conditions that will exist during the last half of the Tribulation [following the nation being uprooted from her land and scattered among the Gentile nations once again]).


But, with Israel in the land, out of Gods will, there is a type of unrest among the Gentile nations (nations through which Satan and his angels rule) that does not exist with Israel out of the land, out of Gods will.


An allusion to this national unrest with Israel in the land but out of God’s will is the way that the book of Jonah begins.  Jonah had been called to go to “Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it.”  He was a prophet within the nation that had been called into existence to carry God’s message to the Gentile nations of the world (Isaiah 43:10; Matthew 12:39), and God had called Jonah to carry His message to a particular segment of the Gentiles — those within the city of Nineveh.


However, Jonah refused to heed God’s call and, instead, went in the opposite direction.  Jonah booked passage on board a ship headed for Tarshish.  Nineveh was east, but Jonah headed west.  In this respect, Jonah became a type of the nation of Israel (Jonah, in his experiences, was also a type of Christ in another respect [Matthew 12:39, 40]).


Viewing the whole book of Jonah with respect to Israel,


1)      Jonah was commissioned to go to the Gentiles (1:1, 2).


2)      Jonah refused to go, ultimately ending up in the sea (1:3ff).


3)      Jonah later cried out to God in his distress and sufferings, from the sea, from the place of death (2:2-9).


4)      God then heard his cry, raised him from the dead, removed him from the sea, and placed him back in the land (2:10).


5)      Jonah, back in the land, was re-commissioned to go to the Gentiles (3:1, 2).


6)      And his re-commission resulted in the salvation of the Gentiles to which he had originally been sent (3:3ff).


We are presently living during the latter time of that period typified by Jonah in the sea (part two in the preceding).  Though a remnant is in the land, comprising a present Israeli nation, the majority of Israelites in the world today are still dispersed among the Gentile nations (the “nations” typified by the sea into which Jonah was cast [cf. Daniel 7:2, 3; Revelation 13:1; 17:1, 15]).


The time when Israel will cry out in her distress and sufferings (part three in the preceding) will be during the latter half of the coming Tribulation.  This is seen in an earlier type, during the days of Moses (Exodus 2:23, 24).  And as then, so in the book of Jonah, and so will it be yet future:


So God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.


And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God acknowledged them. (Exodus 2:24, 25).


With Jonah in the ship out of God’s will, Note Jonah 1:4,


. . . the LORD sent out a great wind on the sea, and there was a mighty tempest on the sea, so that the ship was about to be broken up.


And the reason:


1)      In the type, in time past:  Jonahs presence in the ship, going in a direction contrary to that which the Lord had called him to go.


2)       In the antitype, during the present day and time:  Israel in the land, going in a direction contrary to that which the Lord had called the nation to go, seen in those forming the present nation of Israel.


Thus, the same situation seen in the book of Jonah exists in the world today — a situation that is more intense in the Middle East but exists worldwide.  And a major move among the Gentile nations during the present time is their efforts to bring about peace in the troubled Middle East.


Leaders among the Gentile nations know that Israel is the key nation in any Middle East peace endeavor (and, consequently, world peace as well), though the reason for this is not understood at all.  The one thing that they completely fail to grasp is the fact that the problem that they are attempting to solve is spiritual, in more ways than one — ways that the Gentile nations do not even begin to understand or have any control over whatsoever.


Thus, even if the nations did have an understanding of the problem, they couldn’t resolve it (Hosea 5:13, 14).  The nations don’t — they can’t during the present age — act in the spiritual realm.


Thus, though Antichrist, when he appears, will seemingly bring about Middle East peace, appearing to resolve the present intractable problem, the latter end will be worse than the former (for his act will not only run completely contrary to the existing spiritual problem but he will, in the end, seek to utterly destroy Israel).  Middle East conditions, though seemingly appearing to stabilize or improve at times for brief periods, can really go in only one direction under existing circumstances.  They can only continue to deteriorate.


If they didn’t, we would have a theological problem, for Scripture teaches that the current situation can only move in a particular, revealed direction.  That is, the sea could only have continued to increasingly rage so long as Jonah was in the ship out of the Lords will, which is exactly the picture today.


True peace in the Middle East, producing rest among the Gentile nations, can result only by bringing about a correct solution to the real problem.  And that can be brought to pass only one way:  Israel must be uprooted from her land and driven back out among the nations, with repentance following.  This will then be followed by the return of Israel’s Messiah, the national conversion of the nation, and the nation’s subsequent willingness — even apparent eagerness (cf. Isaiah 53:1ff; Jonah 3:1ff) — to then go to the Gentile nations as God’s witness to these nations.


The present unrest among the Gentile nations of the world will reach its climax in the very near future with the return of Israel’s Messiah, the national conversion and restoration of Israel, “all nations” being brought against Jerusalem to battle, and the subsequent treading of the winepress (Zechariah 12:9-14; 14:1-9; Romans 11:26; Revelation 14:14-20; 19:11-21).  Only then can there be rest among the nations.  Only then can the earths long-awaited Sabbath be brought to pass (Revelation 20:1ff).


(For additional information on the preceding, refer to the author’s book, The Time of the End, Appendixes 1, 2, “The Intractable Middle East Problem,” and “The Death of the High Priest.”)


2)  The Church Today and in That Day


Scripture teaches unequivocally that Christians are to “labor [present]” in order to “enter into that rest [future]” (Hebrews 4:11).  This has to do with activity during the six days of work (6,000 years) in view of resting on the Sabbath day (the seventh 1,000-year period).


God’s people are to be busily engaged during time covered by the six days (which, for Christians, would be the last two days of the six — the present dispensation) with activity as outlined in the parables of the talents and pounds (Matthew 25:14-30; Luke 19:12-27).


The Householder has gone away “to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return” (Luke 19:12).  In the interim, in connection with His household servants properly carrying out their assigned household activity during His time of absence, the Householder has promised His servants compensations, rewards upon His return, commensurate with their faithfulness in the house during His time of absence.  And these compensations, rewards will be realized in the kingdom that He has gone away to receive (Matthew 25:19-23; Luke 19:15-29).


Servitude in the house (present), within a Scriptural framework, is always with a view to the kingdom (future).  Thus, faithfulness in the Lord’s house during the present dispensation is to be carried out in an unceasing manner with one goal in view; and works emanating out of faithfulness exhibited after this fashion — having one’s eyes fixed on the goal out ahead (Hebrews 12:1, 2) — will result in the proper “just recompense of reward” (Hebrews 2:2; 10:23-26), allowing Christians to enter into the earth’s coming Sabbath rest, not as servants in the house but as co-heirs with Christ in the kingdom.